Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: December 15, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971966 | Print ISBN: 9781412940504 | Online ISBN: 9781412971966| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Lee v. Macon County Board of Education
M. Elizabeth Kirkland
Lee v. Macon County Board of Education (1964) concerns the first statewide desegregation ruling in the United States. In this ruling, a federal district court first enjoined the state board of education and the governor of Alabama from interfering in desegregation efforts and later ordered the desegregation of all of Alabama's 118 school districts. This entry covers the background, the facts, and the aftermath of the Lee v. Macon County Board of Education ruling. It has been said that no other Supreme Court decision has affected so deeply and so immediately the daily lives and emotions of so many U.S. citizens as did the striking down of school segregation in Brown v. Board of Education. Within weeks of the declaration by the United States Supreme Court in that case that racial segregation of public schools was illegal and unconstitutional, a White Southern resistance movement emerged, and it burgeoned into a ...