Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: January 26, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412964623 | Print ISBN: 9781412936361 | Online ISBN: 9781412964623| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
According to Vodu ontology in Haiti, the human being is made up of three parts. In addition to the most obvious one, that is, the physical body, it also has a bipartite spiritual component, the tibo-nanj (one's personality, conscience) and the gwobonanj . The latter is thought of as the immortal spirit, of divine origin—that is, the life force. This ontological structure is reminiscent of and derives from original African ontological models, such as the ancient Egyptian spiritual duality kalba or the Fon semedo/selido . At the time of death, the gwobonanj leaves its physical shell, the body, ...