Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Farber, Marvin (1901–1980)
H. James Birx
The scholarly writings of 20th-century American philosopher Marvin Farber owed a great deal to the field of anthropology and the theory of evolution in both their scientific and conceptual ramifications. For him, humankind is a recent and fragile species on planet Earth. From the cosmic perspective, he argued that our species has no meaning or purpose other than those value judgments that human beings themselves make in order to adapt, survive, and thrive in a material universe that is, for him, totally indifferent to the ephemeral existence of our zoological group. Having been influenced by the thought of Ludwig Feuerbach, Karl Marx, and Ernst Haeckel, Farber's ideas are a contribution to philosophical anthropology. Thus, despite his early interest in phenomenology, Farber came to see it only as a method that had ...