Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Donald E. Tyler
The Southeast Asian country of Indonesia is composed of 17,508 islands (6,000 inhabited) and straddles the equator from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. In area, it is more than three times the size of Texas. Indonesia has a hot, humid, tropical climate that is more moderate in the volcanic highlands. The earliest inhabitants came to the Indonesian island of Java about 2 million years ago. At that time, there was a single landmass from Southeast Asia to what is today Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo (Kalimantan), and Java. This landmass is referred to as the Sunda shelf ...