Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Donald E. Tyler
In 1887 a Dutch anatomist, Eugene Dubois, joined the Dutch army as a means to bring him to south Asia to hunt for the “missing link.” His major interest was the theory of evolution proposed by Charles Darwin in 1854. Dubois received an assignment in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) where he assumed humans had evolved. He arrived first in Sumatra where he was able to obtain financial support from the army and began excavating in a number of caves. Initial results, however, proved disappointing, since the soil deposits were too young to yield evidence of the earliest humans. Dubois heard news of some exciting new finds of extinct mammals in eastern Java and moved his research to the Solo river valley in East Java. The Dutch army supported his excavations by providing him ...