Linda D. Wolfe
The macaques are successful Old World monkeys (family Cercopithecidae) that are members of the genus Macaca , of which there are some 20 species. Macaques are the most wide-ranging primate species except for humans. One species, M. sylvanus or the Barbary macaque, is found in Morocco, Algeria, and Gibraltar. The other species are found from Afghanistan to Beijing and from Sri Lanka through Indonesia to Japan. M. mulatta , or the rhesus macaque, has the widest distribution and is found from eastern Afghanistan through northern India to southern Vietnam and southern China. Other macaques have a more limited distribution, including those of Sulawesi and Indonesia and M. silenus (the lion-tailed macaque), which is found only in the Western Ghats of India. Macaques are small to medium-sized monkeys, most of which have a brown or grayish pelage, although a few macaques such as M. nigra have black hair. They have M. ...