Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Montaigne, Michel Eyquem De (1533–1592)
Daniel R. Wilson
Michel Eyquem de Montaigne was influential as a Renaissance courtier during the reign of Charles IX and, especially, as the author of Essais , through which he introduced a new literary form impressive for personal candor and humane skepticism. Montaigne was born on the family estate Château de Montaigne in Perigord near Bordeaux, France. His father was a wealthy merchant who purchased the titled nobility and seigneurie of Montaigne. His mother was of Spanish Jewish ancestry, although her family had earlier converted to Catholicism. Montaigne spoke Latin as his principal tongue until 6 years of age, when he was enrolled at the nearby ...