Aquatic Ape Hypothesis
In 1960, Sir Alister Hardy, a marine biologist knighted for his contribution to the fisheries industry, gave a talk at the British Sub-Aqua Club (a scuba-diving club) and a month later published an article in New Scientist on that talk, called “Was Man More Aquatic in the Past?” Although the idea caught people's fancies and garnered some attention by the newspapers, it showed little sign of the long-lasting popular appeal it would eventually have. It didn't happen overnight. Even with the original article and a follow-up transcript from a radio program, it was 7 years before Hardy's idea got much notice—this time with a two-page write-up by Desmond Morris in The Naked Ape. Elaine Morgan, at the time an Oxford graduate in English and a TV scriptwriter, entered the scene in 1972 with the book Descent of Women , the idea for which she got from Desmond Morris's book. This ...