Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Susan Marie Kirwan
The Omaha (also called Maha) are a Native American nation with a reservation in the northeastern corner of Nebraska, tribal headquarters in Macy, and a government-tōgovernment relationship with the United States that was documented by the treaty of March 16, 1854. This treaty ratified reservation boundaries and recognized the Omaha as a sovereign nation governed by a constitution and elected tribal council. Today, the Omaha farm private reservation holdings (allotments) and collectively operate a casino and resort. They have also entered the professional workforce, becoming attorneys, doctors, accountants, and administrative executives. For example, Susan La Flesche Picotte (1865–1915) was the first Native American woman physician. The Omaha also cooperatively own the Reservation Health Center, which provides food to the elderly and a youth program, among other services. The Omaha speak English, though new activism encourages young people to study Omaha-Ponca (the Cegiha, Dhegia, branch of the Siouan language family). During ...