Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Ramses II, also called Ramses the Great, was the third king of the 19th Dynasty of Egypt. He reigned for 67 years, from approximately 1290 BCE to 1223 BCE. Ramses II brought Egypt to its height of prosperity and power. He was the son of Seti I (Sethos I) and Queen Tuya. Ramses acted as prince-regent during Seti's reign and succeeded the throne after his father, even though he was Seti's second son. Ramses was a charismatic leader who is most reknowned for his many building projects, which include the temples of Abu Simbel with their colossal statues, the completed hypostyle hall at Karnak, and the Ramesseum, a mortuary temple at Thebes. He also completed his father's temples at Abydos and Luxor. During his reign, he moved the capital from Thebes to Piramesses (“House of Ramses”), which he built in the eastern delta of the Nile to expedite his campaigns ...