Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952453 | Print ISBN: 9780761930297 | Online ISBN: 9781412952453| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Lisa M. Paciulli & Andreas Jensen
Tamarins are one of 16 species of small New World monkeys grouped in two genera: Leontopithecus and Saguinus . They belong to the subfamily Callitrichinae, which also includes their smaller counterparts, the marmosets ( Callithrix, Cebuella , and Mico ) and Goeldi's monkeys ( Callimico ). Callitrichines are the smallest monkeys in the world, with bodies ranging between 20–30 centimeters in length with a tail of 30–40 centimeters. They have thick fur, which makes them look deceptively larger than their actual body size. In addition, many are brightly colored and have distinguishing manes, tufts, and moustaches. Callitrichines are unlike other New World monkeys in several features: they do not have prehensile tails, they ...