Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950565 | Print ISBN: 9780761928201 | Online ISBN: 9781412950565| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Dorothy Elizabeth Salonius-Pasternak
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic condition that results from the body either not producing or not properly using insulin, a hormone that plays a crucial role in converting glucose from food into energy. Effective diabetes management requires individuals with the condition to manually balance their insulin and blood glucose levels by following a complex medical care plan of blood glucose monitoring, insulin regulation, exercise, and a healthy diet. This is a complicated process that affects and involves not only the individuals who have the condition, but also families, peers, teachers and other school officials, coworkers, employers, the medical care community, researchers, and policymakers. Type I diabetes (Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus; IDDM) is a condition that results in the body's failure to produce insulin and typically requires insulin administration through injections or an insulin pump. Type II diabetes is characterized by the body's inability to produce enough insulin or to properly use ...