Early Childhood Care, Development, and Education in Asia
Kim Choo Khoo
Early childhood care refers to physical care: health, nutrition, safety, and general well-being. Care also denotes an element of a warm relationship. Development is a much broader concept and covers children's holistic development, including the physical, social, emotional, moral, and cognitive development of young children. Early childhood education, in a narrow way, originally referred to preschool education or, more specifically, kindergartens. These three concepts used to be, and in some instances continue to be, considered as independent of one another. But with better understanding of brain development and how children learn, these three are now viewed as interrelated and integrated. Early childhood care is usually provided by parents, grandparents, and members of the extended family. When the extended family lives together, multiple parenting occurs; that is, other members of the household help look after the children. Care by older siblings, with infants on their hips, is a common sight in ...