Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950565 | Print ISBN: 9780761928201 | Online ISBN: 9781412950565| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Early Childhood Education in Turkey
Sevda Bekman & Ayla Göksel Göçer
Turkey does not have a standardized widespread system of early childhood education (ECE). Nearly all the services are center based and located in the large cities. Only 14% of 5 to 6-year-olds attend any sort of preschool institution. In the whole target population of 0 to 6 years old, access to any kind of early childhood education services (home based or center based) drops to 9%. Early childhood education in the country aims for the overall development of the child in the preschool years and focuses largely on preparation for school. Education services are administered by the Ministry of National Education (MONE) and Social Welfare and Child Protection Agency (SCPA) or by the private sector under the supervision of either of these two government agencies. The majority of early childhood education services in the country are center based, but in recent years, programs developed by universities and nongovernmental organizations have ...