Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950565 | Print ISBN: 9780761928201 | Online ISBN: 9781412950565 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
John D. Hogan & Thomas P. Vaccaro & Frank Patalano
The impact of Sigmund Freud on Western culture has been enormous. More than anyone since Charles Darwin, he changed the way we think about ourselves. Aspects of his psychoanalytic theory have pervaded everyday life to such an extent that people often refer to the theory without realizing they are doing so. For many, the work of Freud has come to epitomize psychology. Despite his visibility, his work is frequently maligned and often misunderstood. For instance, it is not always appreciated that psychoanalysis is more than a method of psychotherapy; it is also a detailed theory of development. Although many individuals associate Freud with the discipline of psychology itself, his work was slow to be accepted in academic psychology. Even now, despite his many adherents, there are those who feel his work should form no part of mainstream psychology. Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856, in Freiburg, Moravia, now ...