Pub. date: 2005 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950565 | Print ISBN: 9780761928201 | Online ISBN: 9781412950565| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Acculturation stress , or stress incurred during the process of adjustment and adaptation to a new cultural milieu, is linked to numerous factors, reflecting the multidimensional and dynamic nature of acculturation. New immigrants often experience acculturation stress when they encounter adaptation demands associated with the acquisition of new cultural behaviors, beliefs, and attitudes. Acculturation stress is especially likely when the new cultural behaviors, beliefs, and attitudes are incongruent or incompatible with those from one's culture of origin—a situation popularly referred to as a “culture conflict.” Adaptation demands can likewise be seen during the transformation, maintenance, or loss of behaviors, beliefs, and attitudes from one's culture of origin. Acculturation stress occurs when such demands exceed individuals' abilities and resources, thus preventing individuals from achieving their adaptation goals and expectations. Past studies have measured acculturation stress using ...