Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952576 | Print ISBN: 9780761923602 | Online ISBN: 9781412952576| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
National Institutes of Health: Health and Behavior Research
Virginia S. Cain
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary federal agency responsible for basic research on the health and well-being of the population of the United States. With a 2002 budget of $23.5 billion, it pursues its mission to uncover fundamental knowledge about the nature and behavior of living systems and apply that knowledge to improve human health. Approximately 84% of the funds are distributed as grants and contracts to investigators in universities and other institutions. In addition, the NIH supports a smaller intramural program of research at the NIH campus in Bethesda, Maryland, and ancillary sites. As part of the quest to prevent and cure the full range of diseases and disorders, NIH has developed a longterm program of research on the behavioral and social aspects of health and illness. Health and behavior research, focusing on the behavioral and social sciences research linked to morbidity, mortality, and their causes ...