Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952576 | Print ISBN: 9780761923602 | Online ISBN: 9781412952576| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Physical Activity Interventions
Shannon Q. Hurtz & Abby C. King
The importance of physical activity has been well documented in the scientific literature. For example, in 1996, the Office of the Surgeon General's report stated that there is an expansive and strong body of scientific evidence that demonstrates that regular physical activity can prevent or control a number of chronic diseases and conditions, including cardiovascular disease, stroke, Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, obesity, osteoporosis, and certain types of cancer. When people engage in the recommended amount of physical activity, they can reduce their risk for many diseases and increase their overall level of health, functioning, and quality of life. Despite this knowledge, physical inactivity has been increasingly documented as a major public health issue in the United States as well as other industrialized nations. In light of the pervasiveness of physical inactivity, a growing amount of research has been aimed at developing effective interventions for promoting regular physical activity increases in ...