Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952576 | Print ISBN: 9780761923602 | Online ISBN: 9781412952576| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Fibromyalgia Syndrome: Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment
Dennis C. Turk
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) consists of a pervasive set of unexplained physical symptoms with generalized pain and hypersensitivity to palpation at specific body locations (tender points, or TPs; Wolfe et al., 1990; see Figure 1 ) as the cardinal features. In addition, patients report persistent fatigue, sleep disturbance, feelings of stiffness, depression, anxiety, cognitive impairment, and general malaise sometimes referred to as “fibro fog” (Baumstark & Buckelew, 1992). FMS may have an insidious onset without any identifiable cause, may develop following a flu-like illness, or may rapidly develop following a trauma such as a motor vehicle accident or emotional distress (Clauw & Chrousos, 1997; Turk, Okifuji, Starz, & Sinclair, 1996). The population prevalence of FMS is estimated to range from .66% to 10.50% (Schochat, Croft, & Raspe, 1994). The variability in prevalence may result from differences in classification criteria since not all of these studies used the American College of Rheumatology ...