Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: July 01, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963985 | Print ISBN: 9781412937207 | Online ISBN: 9781412963985| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Improving America's Schools Act of 1994
Eugene E. Garcia
Editor's Note: The last reauthorization of Title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (the Bilingual Education Act) occurred in 1994. For most of its legislative life, Title VII was beleaguered, and advocates found it difficult to maintain a consistent policy framework for the program. The political winds swayed the law in various directions beginning in 1968 and ending in 2001. Ostensibly, Title VII was merged into the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) at that point. The author was a lead player in the last reauthorization of Title VII, which was part of an omnibus bill known as Improving America's Schools Act, the predecessor to NCLB. This essay is an insider's view of the dynamics the author encountered in helping the U.S. Department of Education in this effort. In an important sense, the version of Title VII that emerged from this activity led into a darker ...