Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: July 01, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963985 | Print ISBN: 9781412937207 | Online ISBN: 9781412963985| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Bilingual Education as Language Policy
Terrence G. Wiley
Language policy and language planning are two areas of applied linguistics that are intended to be used hand in hand to assess communication problems in education and society. Unfortunately, language planning and policies have sometimes been used in ways that have actually increased communication problems, such as when, for example, their effect has been to suppress communication in particular languages or when policies to promote mainstream education in the United States only in the English language have been poorly planned or poorly implemented. The implementation of language policies usually requires a formal plan of action based on guiding principles designed to promote, accommodate, maintain, protect, or restrict the use of languages in education or society. Although formal language policies imply planning, much of the debate and implementation of policy related to bilingual education in the United States have occurred without extensive language planning. Language acquisition planning is a form corpus ...