Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Stephanie M. Wagner & Kimberly P. Foley & Cheryl B. McNeil
The term parenting refers to the process of raising a child, usually from birth up until adulthood. A child's biological parents typically assume the parenting role and the majority of responsibility associated with raising a child. However, other individuals including stepparents, grandparents, foster parents, older siblings, adoptive parents, and other relatives may also be involved or even assume the primary role in parenting. The process of parenting involves providing education to children to teach them right from wrong and to foster their growth and maturation. Parenting has been a topic of interest to researchers for decades. In particular, researchers who study child development have examined the relationship between parenting and child behavior. Many of these researchers have determined that it is more helpful to look at overall parenting styles than individual behaviors such as yelling as a form of discipline or playing games with their children. Parenting styles refer to ...