Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Laura Palmer & Jane Webber & J. Barry Mascari
Counselors have been eligible for licensing beginning in 1973 in Virginia. Currently, all states with the exception of Nevada and California have licensing, and there is considerable variability as to required credits, course titles and topics, and pre- and postgraduate hours of supervision. Credit requirements range from a master's degree (no credit hours specified) to 60 credits, with the majority being 45 to 48 credits. Supervision requirements vary from a low of 1,000 hours to a high of 4,500 hours, with the majority being 3,000 hours. The purpose of this entry is to explore the purpose, definition, process, and ethics of the practice of preli-censure clinical supervision. While there are multiple definitions of supervision, the unifying theme is to assist the new counselors in applying their training with increasing effectiveness through careful observation, analysis, education, redirection, coaching, and mentoring by a seasoned, licensed professional. Some form of supervision occurs across ...