Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
University Counseling Centers
Cassandra N. Nichols
Universities and colleges have provided counseling services to students for over 80 years. Early on, counseling was often conducted by psychiatrists who worked in student health services. In the 1930s, there was movement for counseling to be conducted by counselors and psychologists who viewed students' problems from a normative developmental model and were trained in student personnel programs or psychology departments. Since then, university counseling centers have emerged as a specialty area within counseling psychology that calls for psychologists to provide counseling for students with both developmental and adjustment-related concerns as well as more serious pathology. In addition to clinical services, university counseling center psychologists provide outreach and consultation to the larger university campus communities, provide training for graduate practicum counselors and predoctoral interns in counseling and clinical psychology and social work programs, attend to staff development within their agencies, conduct research applicable to college student populations and therapeutic practices, ...