Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Accreditation by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs
S. Allen Wilcoxon
Accreditation of an academic program reflects the initiative of faculty, administration, and even students at an institution. Accreditation provides multiple benefits for these constituency groups, as well as for consumers, by establishing a professional curriculum and by attending to specific aspects of quality assurance and gatekeeping. Though no panacea, accreditation offers one means by which an institution, an academic program, and its graduates can verify to both public consumers and professional peers that a contemporary and quality program of study has been embraced and promoted. Accreditation of most graduate-level academic programs is advanced through one of two routes, these being (a) institutional accreditation or (b) specialty accreditation. The former is quite common for academic settings, because it fosters a measure of uniformity and standardization among otherwise disparate academic programs. Institutional accreditation has a rather lengthy history of implementation and is well known to citizens as well as educators. Institutional accreditation ...