Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Thomas Skovholt & Michelle J. Trotter & Juihsien Kao
The foundation on which individual therapy is based is the natural network of human social relationships. Discussions of personal life and personal concerns occur continually between family and friend dyads. Primary dyads for personal discussions include mother and daughter, sisters, husband and wife, mother and son, and friends. These universal networks of two people form a foundation for the value, structure, and form of individual therapy. Within the context of individual therapy, the therapist facilitates, with the client, an exploration of what the client brings to the therapeutic setting. Thus the client is able to receive feedback from someone with a professional viewpoint. A trained counselor is unique in contrast to a friend, as he or she is emotionally present for but not engulfed in the person's life or difficulties. As in other forms of therapy, in individual therapy, a therapist's role includes reflection, active listening, giving feedback, listening with ...