Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Memory, Assessment of
Bogdan Kostic & Anne M. Cleary
Psychological research has shown that memory is not a unitary construct. Instead, memory consists of a coordinated collection of processes and abilities that work together to enable individuals' day-to-day functioning. Furthermore, one aspect of memory can be impaired while another remains intact. For that reason, psychologists do not rely on a single procedure for assessing memory. Many assessment measures exist, and commonly used assessment procedures contain multiple subcomponents, each aimed at assessing a particular type of memory. This entry reviews several types of memory and explains the different ways that they are assessed. At the end, it describes several full-length memory assessment measures. Often termed short-term memory , immediate memory refers to the ability to hold information in consciousness. This ability is demonstrated when one remembers a phone number long enough to make a call. Immediate memory is distinct from long-term memory, which is the ability to store information for ...