Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Howard E. A. Tinsley
One of psychology's most important and enduring contributions to civilization is the development of the psychological test. Psychologists have invented and refined psychometric procedures (i.e., tests) for assessing a breathtakingly wide array of constructs. Among the topics reviewed in this volume of the Encyclopedia of Counseling , for example, are the assessment of academic achievement, adaptive behavior, affect, counseling process, counseling outcome, depression, intelligence, language, memory, mental status, neu-ropsychological functioning, personality, problem solving, psychopathology, and self-esteem. Also reviewed are assessment procedures such as the use of clinical interviews and projective techniques. Psychologists are presently developing advanced technologies such as computer-assisted assessment, computer test interpretation, and item response theory. Most counseling psychologists regard psychological assessment as an important activity regardless of their work setting or the type of clientele. A national survey of American Psychological Association members revealed that the work activities of counseling psychologists include collecting information about their clients ...