Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Frederick T. L. Leong & Szu-Hui Lee
Asian Americans are Americans of Asian descent. Based on the U.S. Census report, there are approximately 14.0 million U.S. residents who identified themselves as Asians. Heterogeneity is particularly important to address when it comes to a group such as Asian Americans, given that this population comprises approximately 43 different ethnic groups with more than 100 languages and dialects represented. According to the recent Census, 2.3 million individuals speak Chinese at home, the second most widely used non-English language in the United States. Immigration history and status are also diverse within this group: 8.7 million U.S. residents are born in Asia, and 25% of the nation's total foreign-born population and 52% of foreign-born Asians are naturalized U.S. citizens. The median household income for Asians in 2004 was $57,518, the highest among all race groups. Diversity of income within the Asian population was also evident. For example, median household income for Asian ...