Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Paul E. Priester & Gregory Benson & Asma Jana-Masri
Espiritismo is the belief that problems, conceptualized by Western psychologists as being related to mental health issues, are caused by spirits. These spirits can be forced away from the person through interventions offered by a folk healer, the espiritista . After the spirits leave, the person returns to mental health. The core beliefs of espiritismo were developed by Frenchman Allan Kardec. He wrote a book of orations, Le Livre des Esprits (The Spirits' Book) that attracted European and Latin American intellectuals. His work was available in Cuba and Puerto Rico by the 1860s. By the 1870s it had had a marked effect on religious practices in the Spanish- and French-speaking Caribbean and Latin America. In Cuba, espiritismo was used as a foundation for the African-derived Spirit ...