Alisia G. T. T. Tran & Richard M. Lee
Ethnic identity, broadly defined, is a dynamic and multidimensional construct that represents the part of one's self-concept that is derived from a sense of belonging and commitment to a particular ethnic group. Other key components of ethnic identity include self-identification, the importance of ethnicity in one's life, ethnic group affiliation, positive feelings and attitudes toward one's ethnic group, and the belief that others view one's ethnic group favorably. Ethnic identity also is manifest in a shared sense of identity, values, attitudes, heritage, and lineage with other members of the ethnic group, as well as in individual and collective engagement in the language, customs, and traditions of the ethnic group. The conceptualization and operationalization of ethnic identity have undergone numerous changes over the years. Historically, ethnic identity was defined according to membership in a given ethnic group, whether ascribed by the individual or by others. Early definitions also focused heavily on ...