Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Laura Dick & Kimberly Bena & Elizabeth M. Vera
Social justice refers to the promotion of full and equal participation of all individuals and groups, allowing their needs to be met equally. Most societies around the world have fallen short of creating conditions of social justice. This is evidenced by the existence of marginalization in many societies, as evidenced by the fact that many groups do not have full participation or share equal power in society because of race, ethnicity, age, socioeconomic status, religion, disability, or sexual orientation. Because inequities exist based on these cultural differences, societies that strive for social justice often have attempted to identify and rectify the existence of oppressive structural barriers embedded in the social, economic, and political systems. Historical examples within the United States are the women's suffrage movement that led to the federal right for women to vote in 1920 and the civil rights movement in the 1960s, which was aimed at abolishing ...