Fred H. Borgen
The assessment of different measures, such as an individual's interests or personality, can influence career development and counseling, giving both the individual and the career counselor useful information for decision making. This entry discusses three central points regarding career assessment: (1) career assessment has a long and distinguished history forged by some of the leading test developers in psychology; (2) the reliability, validity, and usefulness of career assessment measures are unsurpassed in psychology; and (3) comprehensive and multivariate assessment with a variety of high-quality and specific measures will best reflect the individuality that underlies career development. Modern psychological assessment began just over 100 years ago when Alfred Binet created the first intelligence test in 1905. Some 15 years later at Carnegie Institute of Technology, a number of pioneering psychologists were devising ways to measure vocational interests. From that work emerged in 1927 E. K. Strong's Vocational Interest Blank, a powerful ...