Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: June 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963978 | Print ISBN: 9781412909280 | Online ISBN: 9781412963978| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Marge Katherine Mercurio & S. Bennett Mercurio
Alcoholics Anonymous (A.A.) is an organization created in 1935 by two men who had a desire to stop drinking and become sober. Today, this group offers friendship, understanding, and hope to other people struggling to recover from alcoholism. The A.A. organization is based on the Twelve Steps. The only requirement to join is a desire to stop drinking. Alcoholism has long been the common denominator for many social ills, affecting areas of personal finance, legal status, personal and business relationships, and long-term health. Unlike programs in the self-help movement, A.A. is focused on mutual help. A key to their philosophy is that A.A. views alcoholics as lacking the ability to control their drinking once they begin and that help outside the self is needed to gain and maintain sobriety. Although A.A. and its members do not seek out alcoholics who would benefit from A.A., they espouse the notion that those ...