Pub. date: 2002 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950664 | Print ISBN: 9780761922582 | Online ISBN: 9781412950664| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Jeffrey P. Rush
Perhaps while watching reruns of Adam-12 or Dragnet you've heard police officers ask for a “wants and warrants check.” Or perhaps you've been stopped by a police officer and heard the officer radio in to ask for a “28/29” or “30.” What are these strange requests? Are they that strange? In reality, they are simply requests for a criminal records check. When people are arrested, that arrest goes into a database and forms the basis of their criminal record. Every time individuals are convicted of a crime, that, too, becomes a permanent part of their record or history. Their criminal history stays with them until they have it purged as juveniles or receive a pardon, reprieve, or clemency as adults. It tells others the nature of their criminal activity and the consequences thereof. People's criminal history influences many things, including the types of job they might receive or even apply ...