Pub. date: 2002 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950664 | Print ISBN: 9780761922582 | Online ISBN: 9781412950664| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Juvenile Crime and War
Irena Cajner Mraović
War and postwar periods are prominent but poorly investigated incubators of juvenile crime. War tends to change not only the juvenile crime rate in a society but also the nature and origin of juvenile criminal activity after the war is over. Contemporary criminology has not attended in detail to the complex social, material, moral, educational, and emotional connections between war and juvenile crime. War, as a phenomenon of social disorganization followed by paralyzed or biased formal control, usually creates favorable conditions for an increase in the crime rate; it weakens inhibitions, encourages primitive impulses, and, in this way, contributes to the temporary transformation of the rate, structure, and nature of crime. However, relatively little is understood about the real mechanisms at play in the relationship between war and crime. To understand the effect of war on juvenile crime, it is necessary to know what capacity children and juveniles have for ...