Pub. date: 2002 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950664 | Print ISBN: 9780761922582 | Online ISBN: 9781412950664| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Dennis R. Hunt
Military justice is the legal system for adjudicating criminal allegations against active-duty members of the United States military forces and Coast Guard. All service members'criminal conduct, whether committed in the United States or abroad, in a military or civilian community, may be tried in this system of laws and courts. Military justice is separate from the civilian criminal court system, and it complements but is separate from the law of warfare, martial law, and the variety of laws pertaining to noncriminal legal requirements of the armed forces. The purpose of the military forces is national defense. Military justice provides the legal foundation for obliging service personnel to suffer privation, injury, and possible death in order to protect the nation. of necessity, military service mandates the loss of some personal liberties and deference to values and practices not found in civilian society. Military justice has the task of incorporating American concepts ...