Pub. date: 2002 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950664 | Print ISBN: 9780761922582 | Online ISBN: 9781412950664| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Carol R. Gregory
Although school-based violence is not increasing overall, concern about it is. High-profile examples of fatal violence in suburban and rural schools, such as the 1999 Columbine High School massacre in Littleton, Colorado, may be fostering this concern. Researchers studying these cases suggest that the negative peer relations of certain students might be contributing to the violence: students who are bullied or marginalized by their peers may have a greater likelihood of engaging in retaliatory violence. Bullying, threatening, and intimidation are common phenomena in schools in the United States and around the world. According to various definitions, bullying is mistreatment of a person ranging from social isolation, exclusion, and teasing to physical violence. Definitions may also encompass issues of intention or power relations. While there is not consensus on the definition of bullying, distinctions are commonly made between acts of physical aggression and nonphysical behaviors such as teasing. Bullying has been ...