Pub. date: 2002 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950664 | Print ISBN: 9780761922582 | Online ISBN: 9781412950664| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Frank E. Hagan
Corporate crime is a type of white-collar crime committed by individuals within their legitimate occupations for the benefit of their employing organization. These individuals do not identify with crime nor do they consider their activities criminal. The costliest of all crime, corporate crime is treated leniently by the criminal justice system, particularly so by the weak regulatory agencies that are responsible for enforcing corporate crime laws. Related to corporate crime is professional white-collar crime, which is crime committed by those who identify with crime and make crime their sole livelihood. Corporate or organizational crime refers to crime by businesspersons or officials committed on behalf of the employing organization. The origins of the concept can be traced to the larger concept of white-collar crime, which was first introduced in the social sciences by Edwin Sutherland in a 1939 presidential address to the American Sociological Association. He defined white-collar crime as “a ...