Pub. date: 2002 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412950664 | Print ISBN: 9780761922582 | Online ISBN: 9781412950664| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Victor Eugene Flango
Court unification has been a major goal of judicial administration reform since jurist Roscoe Pound made his address to the American Bar Association (ABA) in 1906 on the “Causes of Popular Dissatisfaction with the Administration of Justice” (Pound 1937). Indeed, Donald Dahlin (1986: 4) claims that the “remedy of unification continues to be the basic prescription for court modernization.” The word unification covers many aspects of court reform. Section 1.10 of the ABA standards states that “… the aims of court organization can be most fully realized in a court system that is unified in its structure and administration, staffed by competent judges, judicial officers, administrators, and other personnel, and that has uniform rules and policies, clear lines of administrative authority, and a sufficient unified budget.” Larry Berkson and Susan Carbon (1978) identified four dimensions of court unification: simplified organizational structure, centralized management, centralized rule making, and centralized financing Harry ...