Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: November 23, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412959193 | Print ISBN: 9781412959186 | Online ISBN: 9781412959193| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Skogan, Wesley G., and Michael G. Maxfield: Coping With Crime
Bonnie S. Fisher
In the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, Congress authorized the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA) to administer federal monies to assist state and local law enforcement agencies to fight crime through better training and equipment, and support criminological and criminal justice research. In the mid-1970s, the LEAA funded and published a series of national evaluations of individual and collective responses to crimes (e.g., citizen patrols, Operation Identification) and inaugurated the Community Anti-Crime Program to assist community organizations to respond to crime. The now-defunct LEAA, which was abolished in 1982, funded The Reactions to Crime Project (RTC) at the Center for Urban Affairs and Policy Research at Northwestern University. The RTC was a 5-year (1975–1980) interdisciplinary, multimethod project lead by Fred DuBow to inquire into how crime shaped the attitudes of city residents toward crime and how they individually and collectively responded to crime. Wesley Skogan Coping ...