Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: November 23, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412959193 | Print ISBN: 9781412959186 | Online ISBN: 9781412959193| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Systemic Model of Social Disorganization
Barbara D. Warner
After falling into disregard for several decades, social disorganization theory re-emerged in the last part of the 20th century in the form of the systemic model of social disorganization theory. This version of social disorganization theory clarified and specified the key concepts of social disorganization theory in ways that Clifford Shaw and Henry McKay, the original developers of the theory, had not done. Specifically, the systemic version of social disorganization theory further clarified levels of neighborhood informal social control as the key factor responsible for variations in crime rates and further specified that informal social control was predicated on the levels of social ties within communities. This reformulation of social disorganization theory became very popular, and received much attention in terms of research and policy. As the 20th century turned to the 21st however, another slightly different version, the collective efficacy version, of social disorganization also appeared. Both versions, however, ...