Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: September 17, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412971997 | Print ISBN: 9781412960199 | Online ISBN: 9781412971997| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this handbook
Chapter 86: Restorative Justice: Theory, Practice, and Evidence
Restorative justice: Theory, practice, and evidence Restorative justice is a “new” way of responding to crime and harm based on ancient practices. Criminal justice policy in much of the modern world, and in the United States in particular, views punishment as a primary response to crime. For advocates of restorative justice, however, crime is more than simply lawbreaking; rather, crime harms individual victims, communities, offenders, and relationships. “Justice,” therefore, cannot be achieved simply by punishing the offender, or even by only providing treatment and services. Justice must focus on repairing the harm crime causes, while ensuring accountability to those harmed by crime rather than to the state alone. This chapter first provides a definition of restorative justice and discusses the differences and similarities between restorative and other models of justice. It then describes core value–based principles that should guide restorative intervention and policy development and discusses the varieties of restorative ...