Pub. date: 2012 | Online Pub. Date: May 31, 2012 | DOI: 10.4135/9781452218458 | Print ISBN: 9781412981767 | Online ISBN: 9781452218458| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Arab Republics: 1920 to Present: Middle East
Bezen Balamir Coskun
The generic name Arab republics refers mostly to Middle Eastern states whose government type was determined as “republic” in their respective constitutions. Almost all Arab republics were established between the 1940s and the 1970s. The oldest one, the Republic of Iraq, was established in 1932. The Republic of Iraq was followed by the Tunisian Republic (1936), the Republic of Lebanon (1943), the Arab Republic of Egypt (1953), the Syrian Arab Republic (1961), People's Democratic Republic of Algeria (1962), and the Republic of Yemen (1967). In addition, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is a partially recognized state that claims sovereignty over the entire territory of Western Sahara. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic was declared in 1976. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic government controls about 20–25 percent of the territory it claims. Morocco controls the rest of the disputed territory. The origins of Arab republics lie in the collapse of the Ottoman ...