Pub. date: 2012 | Online Pub. Date: May 31, 2012 | DOI: 10.4135/9781452218458 | Print ISBN: 9781412981767 | Online ISBN: 9781452218458| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
United Arab Emirates: 1920 to Present: Middle East
In only a few decades the small coastal nation of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), emerging from seven loosely connected sheikhdoms, has dramatically transformed a near-barren desert to a thriving, modern international business center and home of some of the world's largest, tallest, and most expensive buildings. Located on the Arabian Peninsula between the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, the United Arab Emirates consists of seven states, termed emirates : Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Quwain, Ras al-Khaimah, and Fujairah. The United Arab Emirates became independent in 1971 with the termination of all British treaties. Previously known as the Trucial Coast States, it was tribally organized into sheikhdoms that had been under British protection since 1892. The provisional constitution of 1971, later made permanent in 1996, established a constitutional monarchy, division of federal and state powers, and authority to the president and Supreme Council of Rulers (rulers ...