Pub. date: 2012 | Online Pub. Date: May 31, 2012 | DOI: 10.4135/9781452218458 | Print ISBN: 9781412981767 | Online ISBN: 9781452218458 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Babur Invasion: 1200 to 1900: South, Central, and West Asia
Patit Paban Mishra
The founder of the Mughal Empire on the Indian subcontinent, Zahiruddin Mohammad Babur (1483–1530) was born on February 14, 1483, at Andijan, Farghana of Uzbekistan. The Mughal dynasty established by him continued in all its splendor and glory until Aurangzeb. He became the ruler of the small principality of Farghana in 1494 and unleashed a career of conquest. After 10 years, Babur was master of Kabul and heard about India's wealth. He occupied Samarkand in 1511. Babur looked toward the east and began a career of territorial aggrandizement. With determination and superb military skill, he carved out a vast empire after winning the first battle of Panipat in 1526. From far-off central Asia, Babur formed a new dynasty in south Asia, and the advent of Moghul rule transformed the political and cultural landscape of the Indian subcontinent. The Mughal dynasty of Babur lasted for 200 years, until the rule of ...