Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Patrick Akos & Amy Milsom
School counseling is a profession founded in both mental health and education that centers on promoting the academic, career, and personal/social development of students in K–12 schools. Practice varies considerably based on training and particular school needs, although current national models have expanded upon traditional roles of remediation and individual counseling to include systemic functions such as leadership and advocacy to affect the school system. The American School Counselor Association (ASCA) indicates that professional school counselors, as members of the educational team, consult and collaborate with teachers, administrators, and families to assist students to be successful. They work on behalf of students and their families to ensure that all school programs facilitate the educational process and offer the opportunity for school success for each student. School counselors provide direct services to students through individual and group interventions. Individual counseling consists of working with a student in a one-on-one relationship where ...