Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Catherine A. Lugg
Creationism is based on the literalist tenets of fundamentalist Christianity. This views the Protestant Christian rendition of the Bible as the literal word of God. According to fundamentalist belief, each event described in the Bible actually happened or will happen. The Bible is viewed by fundamentalist Christians as the repository for all truth: religious, historical, and scientific. Although there are actually two creation stories in Genesis and they differ, fundamentalists claim that the story of creation found in the book of Genesis is scientifically accurate. Other stories of creation, including those stories rooted in science, are dismissed by adherents as ungodly and un-Christian. Creationism arose during the early twentieth century in response to evolutionary biology and its place within the science curricula of U.S. public schools. Perhaps the most famous and early legal battle between evolution and creationism occurred in the 1920s, in a Dayton, Tennessee, courthouse. Here, John Scopes, ...