Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Susan R. Easterbrooks
Deaf education in the United States traces its roots to the 1817 opening of the American Asylum for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb (now the American School for the Deaf) in Hartford, Connecticut. The first principal of this school was Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, who had traveled to Europe to bring back approaches and techniques to use with students who were deaf and hard of hearing in Connecticut and the surrounding states. Gallaudet also brought from Europe a deaf man named Laurent Clerc, who became the first teacher in this institution. Students in this school received training, which was conducted in sign language, in English grammar, reading, writing, mathematics, religion, and rules of conduct. In 1867 the Clarke School for the Deaf was founded in Northampton, Massachusetts, as the first permanent oral school for the deaf in the country. Its most famous teacher, who married Mabel Hubbard, daughter of ...