Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Hawthorne Studies, the
Gary L. Anderson
The Hawthorne Studies were carried out in the 1920s and 1930s under the leadership of Elton Mayo at the Hawthorne Plant of the General Electric Company in Chicago. Researchers were initially interested in studying the relationship between conditions of work and the incidence of fatigue and boredom among workers. The study later evolved into studying other phenomena that might increase worker productivity. The studies challenged classical management theory by identifying an “informal organization” based on friendship groups, unplanned interactions, and the need for human motivation. ...